Common Phishing Attacks and How to Prevent Them in 2018

Common Phishing Attacks and How to Prevent Them

According to a recent report by Tripwire which surveyed almost two hundred security professionals about their views on phishing attacks, the greater part of respondents which amounted to almost fifty eight percent of the total had seen an expansion in phishing attacks in the previous year. Regardless of that expansion, most organizations didn’t feel ready to ensure themselves against phishing tricks. To be sure, a slight greater part (52 percent) expressed they were “not certain” in their administrators’ capacity to effectively detect a phishing attack.

The development of phishing attacks in both speed and advancement, as verified by Verizon in its 2016 Data Breach Investigations Report, represents a critical risk to all enterprises. It’s really important for all organizations to know how to detect probably the most well-known phishing attacks to secure their corporate data from potential threats.

Some examples of phishing attacks include

  • Spear Phishing,
  • Deceptive Phishing,
  • CEO misrepresentation,
  • Pharming,
  • Dropbox phishing, and
  • Google Docs phishing.

In this article, we will give some helpful hints on how businesses can ensure themselves against these phishing attacks.

Spear Phishing Protection

Spear phishing is a type of phishing attack which is highly personalised according to the victim’s data.

In spear phishing tricks, fraudsters modify their attacks with the victim’s name, position, organization, work telephone number and other data trying to trap the beneficiary into trusting that they have an association with the sender.

The objective is the same as deceptive phishing: bait the target into clicking on a visibly safe but malicious URL or email link, with the goal that they will hand over their own confidential information.

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Spear phishing is particularly ordinary on web-based networking websites like LinkedIn, where the hackers can utilize a lot of publicly available data to create an attack which is targeted to a specific victim.

To ensure against this sort of attack, organisations should conduct continuous training sessions for their employees to have security mindfulness. This can defer employees from distributing confidential individual or corporate data via web-based networking sites like Linkedin. Organizations should also invest in antivirus softwares that are equipped to scan inbound emails and messages for known malicious URLs and email links and enable phishing and malware protection in the web browsers of the employees for effective spear phishing protection.


Deceptive Phishing

The most widely recognized sort of phishing trick, deceptive phishing refers to any type of attack by which fraudsters imitate a honest organization and try to take individuals’ confidential data or login information. Those messages much of the time use a feeling of urgency to panic clients into doing the hackers’ offering.

For instance, PayPal tricksters may send you an email that asks you to tap on a link so as to redress an error with your details on PayPal. In fact, the link opens up a phony PayPal login page that gathers a client’s login information and sends them to the hackers.

The accomplishment of a deceptive phishing attack depends on how intently the attacking email looks like a honest organization’s legitimate email. Thus, businesses should assess all URLs thoroughly to check whether they link to a malicious website. They should likewise pay special mind to non-specific greetings, language structure slip-ups, and spelling blunders scattered all through the email.

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CEO Fraud

Spear phishers can target anybody in an enterprise, even the best employees. That is the idea behind a “CEO Fraud” assault, where fraudsters try to conduct a spear phishing attack at an official and take their login information.

If the attacks are successful, the fraudsters can perform CEO extortion, which is the next step of a business email compromise (BEC) trick where assailants mimic an official and manhandle that person’s email to approve deceitful wire exchanges to a bank account of their choice.

Whaling attacks work since administrators regularly don’t take an interest in security mindfulness training with their employees. To counter that danger, and also the danger of CEO misrepresentation, every organization’s employees– including administrators – should be continuously trained to be mindful to these kinds of attacks.

Associations should also consider changing their financial strategies, with the goal that nobody can approve a money related exchange by means of an email.


As clients turn out to be more used to conventional phishing tricks, some fraudsters are completely giving up on the idea of baiting their victims into clicking on a link. Rather, they are turning to pharming – a technique for phishing which uses Domain Name Service (DNS) records to direct the users to malicious websites.

The Internet’s naming system utilizes DNS servers to route site names, for example, “,” to numerical IP addresses which are assigned to different devices like servers which are connected to the internet.

Under a DNS server assault, a pharmer focuses on a DNS server and changes the IP address related with any known site name like This means that an phisher can divert clients to a malicious site of their decision regardless of whether the victims entered in the right site name into their address bar.

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To secure against pharming assaults, associations should urge representatives to enter in login accreditations just on HTTPS-ensured websites. Organizations should also install phishing protection software on every single corporate computer and regularly update them with security updates issued by a verified Internet Service Provider (ISP), all the time.

Using this guide, businesses can easily detect and prevent ongoing phishing attacks on themselves. This is really important nowadays as phishers and scammers are growing in number day by day. Every business should invest in good email phishing protection software and antivirus softwares and update them regularly. Along with this, companies should also train their employees regularly to prevent phishing attacks on them.

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